宾语补足语句型结构(宾语补足语的结构)

2022年9月15日03:21:04宾语补足语句型结构(宾语补足语的结构)已关闭评论

宾语补足语句型结构(宾语补足语的结构)

 

当不定式、动名词、从句等复杂成分用作宾语且其后跟有宾语补足语时,通常会在宾语补足语前使用形式宾语it,而将真正的宾语移至句末,其基本结构为“动词+it+宾语补足语+不定式(动名词或从句)”: 主语+谓语动词+it+adj/n+to do sth/that……,It偶尔也替代动名词。

邻里相处:和谐的邻里关系,是每一个家庭必备的人际关系的处理,也是让孩子有良好的成长环境,左养右学教育赖颂强在讲如何用三分法思维处理人际关系的直播课里,有系统的讲解。

(1) 形式宾语代替动词不定式

常见用于这个结构的动词有:believe/feel/find/make/consider/think/suppose/regard

例:I think it necessary to explore the space. 我认为探索太空是有必要的。

I find it difficult to do the job well. 我发现做好这件事不容易。

She finds it difficult to finish the job by herself.

她发现要独自完成这个工作很困难。

The little boy found it very interesting to study English.那小男孩发现学英语很有趣。

She found it very difficult to answer the question.她发现很难回答这个问题。

She made it her business to find out who was responsible.

她一定要查清楚到底该谁负责。

He made it his object in life to find the island

他把找到那座岛屿当成自己的人生目标。

Many people have made it a rule to detoxify once a year

许多人已经养成了每年进行一次身体排毒的习惯。

Our teacher makes it a rule never to talk in class.我们老师立下一个规矩,课上不能讲话。

People in the west make it a rule to buy Christmas presents for their relatives and friends.西方国家的人们习惯为他们的亲戚朋友买圣诞礼物。

He made it his crusade to teach children to love books.

他把教孩子们热爱读书当做自己的使命。

I don't think it possible to master a foreign language without much memory work. 我认为不进行大量的记忆学好英语是不可能的。

Do you think it dangerous to go swimming alone?你认为单独去游泳危险吗?

I think it important to read English aloud every morning.

我认为每天早上大声读英语很重要。

He felt it his duty to help the neighbours.他认为帮助邻居是他的义务。

He feels it his duty to help others.他感到帮助别人是他的职责。

(2)形式宾语代替动名词

We think it no use complaining. 我们认为抱怨是没有用的。

Lily felt it no use arguing with him about the matter.

丽丽感觉跟他争论没有用。

I think it no use telling them.我认为告诉他们没用。
Do you consider it necessary sending more people over?你觉得再派一些人去有必要吗?
We think it a waste arguing with him.我们认为和他争吵是浪费时间。

(3) 形式宾语代替从句

例:They found it strange that no one would take the money.

他们感到很奇怪谁也不要这一笔钱。

I think it best that you should stay here. 我认为你最好住这儿。

I hate it when people talk with their mouths full我讨厌人们说话时嘴里吃东西。
They want to make it clear to the public that they do an important and necessary job.他们想向公众表明,他们所做的工作既重要又有必要。
We think it necessary that we (should) attend the meeting.我们认为我们去参加那个会议很有必要。
They found it strange that no one would take the money.他们感到奇怪,谁也不要这笔钱。
He made it plain that we should leave.

他明确表示要我们离开。

I hope I made it clear to him that he was no longer welcome here.

我希望我已经给他讲清楚他在这里不再受欢迎。

He had made it clear to his wife that he would never forsake her.

他明确地向妻子说,永远不离开她。

He made it clear that he objected.

他明确表示反对。

They made it clear who is now running the show

他们清楚地表明了现在是谁在掌控一切。

They have made it clear they will not reverse the decision to increase prices

他们已经明确表示不会更改提价的决定。

We made it clear to them that we would not shrink from confrontation.

我们向他们清楚地表明,我们不会畏避交锋。

The terrorists made it known that tourists would be targeted.

恐怖分子宣称游客将成为他们袭击的目标。

She made it clear that under no circumstances would she cancel the trip.

她明确表示,无论如何她都不会取消旅行。

They made it perfectly clear that it was pointless to go on

他们非常明确地表示继续下去毫无意义。

He thinks it important that we try to do some housework after school.他们认为放学后试着做一些家务是重要的。

She makes it a rule that everyone should make a summary every day.

她规定每个人每天都要做总结。

下一讲将讲述it作形式宾语时不带宾语补足语的几种经典句型。

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